Comparison the effect of carboxymethyle cellulose films containing Thymus vulgaris and Zataria multiflura on shelf life of chicken meat

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Food Sciences and Technology,Shahid Beheshti University

3 Food Science & Technology Dept, safadasht Branch, Islamic Azad University

Abstract

Poultry meat is one of the perishable foods. The growth of pathogenic microorganisms may occur in chicken meat during refrigerated storage. Microbial growth causes serious hazard in food safety consumer. The aim of this study was to compare antimicrobial properties of Thymus vulgaris (TEO) and Zataria multiflora essential oil (ZEO) and the effect of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) films containing essential oil on shelf life of chicken meat during 9 days at 4 ̊ C. Essential oil was extracted by distillation. At first, antimicrobial activities of CMC film containing essential oil and control films were analyzed by disc diffusion assay. After that, three treatments of chicken fillets include untreated-control (C), coating carboxymetyl cellulose (CMC), and CMC with 2.4% Zataria multiflora essential oil (CMC-Z) were prepared. The microbial shelf life of treatment were determined in 3 days interval at 4 ̊ C. The results showed that in comparison antimicrobial properties of Thymus vulgaris and Zataria multiflura essential oil, ZEO containing film had efficient inhibitory effect compared to TEO, thus film incorporated with ZEO was selected for shelf life studies. Also the results revealed that total viable count (TVC) population of fillets increased during shelf life and exceeded 6.81 log cfu g -1 for CMC sample on day 8. For CMC-Z treatments this deadline was achieved after 9 day. Coating chicken meat sample with CMC film could decrease population TVC compared to the control sample (p

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