A Review of Phytochemistry and Properties of Jujube (Ziziphus vulgaris L.)

Document Type : Original Article


Iran has a great wealth of various naturally occurring medicinal plants which have great potential
pharmacological activities. Ziziphus vulgaris known as Jujube is one of these plants. For a long
time Z. vulgaris has been used in alternative medicine as anti-hyperglycemic, anti-hyperlipidemia
and anti- hypertension. Z. vulgaris has recently been shown to have antibacterial, antioxidant,
anti-hyperglycemic, antihyperlipidemic and sedative activities. Flavonoids, alkaloids and
saponins are the main phytochemicals which are reported from this plant. Considering the
easy collection of the plant, its wide distribution in warm-temperate regions, and remarkable
biological activities, this plant is used as both medicine and food in some parts of the world
including Iran. This paper reviews the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacology
of this medicinal plant.